At a recent RubyConf, Chad Fowler presented his ideas for writing software systems that mirror the process of continual replacement observed in biological systems.
The first principal of this approach is, unsurprisingly, to keep the components of the software system small–just as complex organisms like human beings are constituted from billions of tiny cells which are constantly undergoing a process of renewal.
Following from that Fowler proposed this idea:
Fowler quickly walked back this suggestion as possibly not a good idea, nevertheless the idea has stuck in my head all day. What would happen if we developed software this way? What benefits could it bring?
- Would it have benefits for software reuse? Opening up a method to add another branch condition or switch clause would become more expensive, and having rewritten the same function over and over again, the author might be tempted to make it more generalisable over a class of problems.
- Would it have an impact on function complexity? If you knew that changing a long, complex, function required writing it again from scratch, would it encourage you to make it smaller? Perhaps you would pull non critical setup or checking logic into other functions to limit the amount you had to rewrite.
- Would it have an impact on the tests you write? Some functions are truly complex, they contain a core algorithm that can’t be reduced any further. If you had to rewrite them, how would you know you got it right? Are there tests? Do they cover the edge cases? Are there benchmarks so you could ensure your version ran comparably to the previous?
- Would it have an impact on the name you chose? Is the name of the current function sufficient to describe how to re-implement it? Would a comment help? Does the current comment give you sufficient guidance?
I agree with Fowler that the idea of immutable source code is likely unworkable. But even if you never actually followed this rule in practice, what would be the impact on the quality, reliability, and usability of your programs if you always wrote your functions with the mindset of it being immutable?
Note: Fowler talks about methods, because in Ruby, everything is a method. I prefer to talk about functions, because in Go, methods are a syntactic sugar over functions. For the purpose of this article, please treat functions and methods as interchangable.